Health Care’s Climate Footprint Report HCWH / ARUP

Stefi Barna's picture


Resource Description: 

Health Care’s Climate Footprint: How the Health Sector Contributes to the Global Climate Crisis and Opportunities for Action.

This report co-produced by Health Care Without Harm and Arup is useful because it:

  • Establishes the first global estimate of healthcare's climate footprint. (If the healthcare sector were a country, it would be the fifth-largest greenhouse gas emitter on the planet)
  • Identifies the key sources of healthcare's care's carbon missions and allows for comparisons between countries and regions
  • Makes recommendations on what must be done to align global health and climate goals

Some media coverage is here:  The Guardian, India Express, Bloomberg, the British Medical Journal 

Publication date: 

September, 2019

Resource type: 

  • information resource
  • measurement tool / template


Reducing patient transport with remote consultations

Harry Longman's picture

One important contributor to healthcare emissions is patients' own transport footprint.  In UK general practice we are reducing these emissions by enabling GPs and other clinicians to consult remotely, either by message or telephone.  On average only 38% of patient requests need a face to face, so not only are we saving 62% of visits to the GP surgery, GPs are saving time for those who need a face to face.  Still too small, covering only 1% of UK patients, but can be scaled and applied with any populaiton.  More at

Telemedicine in surgery would be a good thing too.

Charlotte Holbrook's picture

I think this is a good point. From my own experience working in a tertiary paediatric hospital, a number of our patients travel significant distancces to come to surgical outpatient follow up appointments, which may not really have been necessary. I do offer the option of telephone follow up for some familes when I can! 

Here are a couple of papers:

Telemedicine for pediatric surgical outpatient follow-up: A prospective, randomized single-center trial. Goedeke, Jan et al. Journal of Pediatric Surgery, Volume 54, Issue 1, 200 - 207

A prospective clinical, cost and environmental analysis of a clinician-led virtual urology clinic. Miah S et al. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2019; 101: 30–34  doi 10.1308/rcsann.2018.0151



John Stoves's picture

And we can also achieve this with e-consultation to facilitate effective communication between healthcare professionals, avoiding unnecessary face-to-face consultations.Stoves J. 'Electronic Health Records Shared, Nephrons Spared!' Case Study from Bradford Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust on an effective collaborative approach for sharing patient information to help in the management of CKD and AKI


Healthcare emissions

Prema Taylor's picture

As a concerned party in terms of waste and resources I have launched a petition to save wasted funds on unused NHS medication and equipment. Here is the link

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