The carbon footprint of waste streams in a UK hospital

Frances Mortimer's picture


Resource Description: 

This article by CSH's Sustainable Surgery Fellow, Chantelle Rizan, and co-authors, provides greenhouse gas emission factors for the different healthcare waste streams in the UK.


  • Clinical, anatomical and medicinal waste streams have highest carbon footprint.
  • The choice of waste stream has an up to 50-fold impact on the carbon footprint.
  • Waste streams with lowest estimated carbon footprint have lowest financial costs.

Chantelle Rizan, Mahmood F.Bhutta, Malcom Reed, Rob Lillywhite. The carbon footprint of waste streams in a UK hospital. Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 286, 1 March 2021, 125446 (available online from 11 Dec 2020)


Journal of Cleaner Production

Publication date: 

December, 2020

Resource type: 

  • information resource
  • measurement tool / template


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