Carbon Footprint of General, Regional, and Combined Anaesthesia for Total Knee Replacements

Rosie Hillson
Rosie Hillson • 22 December 2021

'Health care itself contributes to climate change. Anesthesia is a “carbon hotspot,” yet few data exist to compare anesthetic choices. The authors examined the carbon dioxide equivalent emissions associated with general anesthesia, spinal anesthesia, and combined (general and spinal anesthesia) during a total knee replacement.'

Forbes McGain, Nicole Sheridan, Kasun Wickramarachchi, Simon Yates, Brandon Chan, Scott McAlister; Carbon Footprint of General, Regional, and Combined Anesthesia for Total Knee Replacements. Anesthesiology 2021; 135:976–991 doi:

Article along with an article podcast.

Resource author(s)
McGain, F., et al
Resource publishing organisation(s) or journal
ASA Publications
Resource publication date
December 2021

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